HOW IT'S MADE?
Date : 09/22/2016 Author : Okta
When we think about how to make a pair of socks, there's a lot of people think how difficult it is. Fortunately, we live in modern era that modern technology helped us much on every aspect, include in sock manufacturer. Now a pair of sock could be finished to knit only in few minutes! What you need to create a sock is start from your own imagination! Let technology do the rest progress to provide our desired socks. So what's the first stage to make a socks? Let's find out.
As I said before, what we need is our imagination. Even latest technology of sock machine can create whatever we want, we still have to ensure our imagination is on right track. For example, we want a sport sock, but with cute pattern and accessories like big elephant head include its trunk and big ear. I think your imagination is good, but athlete who wear your sock will slipped by its long trunk! So how to make our desired sock not only fashionable but also functionate? We have to decide our sock style!
There is a lot of sock styles. Based on market spread, we will found a lot of category such as : Baby socks, Kid socks, Men socks, Women socks, Unisex socks, Sport socks, Fashion socks, Casual socks, and many more out there. Based on that list, we know socks on market are categorized by gender, age, and function. A lot of people ask 'Which category is the best one?' There's no one category is better than another. It's really depend on your passion and market target. For example, some big major brand which specialized on sport socks will focus on their own category.
After you are sure about selected sock style, now we have to choose its material. One pair of sock, knitted by more than one kind of yarn. It can't be 100% cotton, or 100% polyester, and any kind of 100% composition because beside main body yarn, it needs elastane or spandex for its stretch. If you want some pattern on main body, you should add nylon composition on it. Some sock styles also apply embroidery on their logo or pattern, then it needs rayon or polyester yarn. Every kind of yarn has characteristic such as below :
a. Cotton. Mostly used for main body of socks. It's high recommend yarn for moisture absorber and soft handfeel.
b. Polyester. Polymers yarn is strong and warmer. Good high temperature resistance and should be your favourite yarn for develop sublimation printing socks.
c. Nylon. Durable but less moisture absorbing. Mostly used for pattern part cause it's reflecting light and make the pattern has brighter color than main body base color. If you want to add logo, star, animal, fruits, or abstract pattern on your sock design, it's better to knit with nylon. It will not pulled easily on pattern than if we apply with other kind of yarn. Another case, it's easily burnt on high temperature. Therefore any sublimation sock style will avoid nylon yarn to appear on upside of body cause needs high temperature to transfer your complex detail on paper to apply and locked on your sock body.
d. Elastane. It's the main factor to keep your sock stretchable.
There is a lot kind of yarn. In here, we just describe 4 mostly use yarn category. We will find some special yarns such as Coolmax, Tactel, Lycra, Bamboo, and many more out there. After we decide our sock materials, so what's next?
"Every kind of yarn has its own characteristic."
Based on sock's high, it's categorized as below :
a. Invisible / super low. It's mean invisible when we use it with shoes. Very low cut and fame on latest year.
b. Liner. Cut just below your ankle.
c. Ankle. Cut upon your ankle.
d. Quarter. Same as its name, cut on quarter leg calf.
e. Crew. Cut between mid calf and quarter.
f. Soccer. Cut on knee usually for soccer purpose.
Don't forget to decide your foot sock size, for example on US size is S (33-35), M (36-40), L (41-46), XL (47-51), and Unisex size (38-44). Then our next stage is selecting color.
You could apply any color which you want based on Pantone color code. Pantone has C, TPX, or TPG code. What we have noticed is, on one piece (not a pair) of sock, sock machine has limit for mix color quantity. Modern sock machine can contain up to 15 colors for each.
That's all you need. We don't need to overthink about technical detail, just create and design it on your favorite bitmap / vector editor, share it to your trusted sock manufacturer and they will help you for technical matter. For example, Marel Socks are made by top sock manufacturer in Indonesia, PT. Marel Sukses Pratama. Have fun with your own sock design!